Node.js Manual & Documentation

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REPL 交互式解释器

A Read-Eval-Print-Loop (REPL) is available both as a standalone program and easily includable in other programs. REPL provides a way to interactively run JavaScript and see the results. It can be used for debugging, testing, or just trying things out.


By executing node without any arguments from the command-line you will be dropped into the REPL. It has simplistic emacs line-editing.


mjr:~$ node
Type '.help' for options.
> a = [ 1, 2, 3];
[ 1, 2, 3 ]
> a.forEach(function (v) {
...   console.log(v);
...   });

For advanced line-editors, start node with the environmental variable NODE_NO_READLINE=1. This will start the REPL in canonical terminal settings which will allow you to use with rlwrap.


For example, you could add this to your bashrc file:


alias node="env NODE_NO_READLINE=1 rlwrap node"

repl.start(prompt='> ', stream=process.stdin)

Starts a REPL with prompt as the prompt and stream for all I/O. prompt is optional and defaults to > . stream is optional and defaults to process.stdin.

启动一个REPL,使用prompt作为输入提示符,在stream上进行所有I/O操作。prompt是可选参数,默认值为> stream也是可选参数,默认值为process.stdin

Multiple REPLs may be started against the same running instance of node. Each will share the same global object but will have unique I/O.


Here is an example that starts a REPL on stdin, a Unix socket, and a TCP socket:


var net = require("net"),
    repl = require("repl");

connections = 0;

repl.start("node via stdin> ");

net.createServer(function (socket) {
  connections += 1;
  repl.start("node via Unix socket> ", socket);

net.createServer(function (socket) {
  connections += 1;
  repl.start("node via TCP socket> ", socket);

Running this program from the command line will start a REPL on stdin. Other REPL clients may connect through the Unix socket or TCP socket. telnet is useful for connecting to TCP sockets, and socat can be used to connect to both Unix and TCP sockets.


By starting a REPL from a Unix socket-based server instead of stdin, you can connect to a long-running node process without restarting it.


REPL Features REPL特性

Inside the REPL, Control+D will exit. Multi-line expressions can be input.


The special variable _ (underscore) contains the result of the last expression.


> [ "a", "b", "c" ]
[ 'a', 'b', 'c' ]
> _.length
> _ += 1

The REPL provides access to any variables in the global scope. You can expose a variable to the REPL explicitly by assigning it to the context object associated with each REPLServer. For example:


// repl_test.js
var repl = require("repl"),
    msg = "message";

repl.start().context.m = msg;

Things in the context object appear as local within the REPL:


mjr:~$ node repl_test.js
> m

There are a few special REPL commands: